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How to Calculate Asset to Debt Ratio: 12 Steps with Pictures


how to find debt to assets ratio

The organization can rely heavily on sales and revenue growth without rising related expenses. This increase in sales may lower the debt proportion and improve the debt-to-total assets ratio. Let us take the example of a company called ABC Ltd, which is an automotive repair shop in Brazil.

Debt Ratio is a financial ratio that indicates the percentage of a company’s assets that are provided via debt. It is the ratio of total debt (short-term and long-term liabilities) and total assets (the sum of current assets, fixed assets, and other assets such as ‘goodwill’). The debt to asset ratio is a leverage ratio that measures the amount of total assets that are financed by creditors instead of investors. In other words, it shows what percentage of assets is funded by borrowing compared with the percentage of resources that are funded by the investors. The debt to asset ratio is calculated by dividing a company’s total debts by its total assets. This formula is one of many leverage ratios often used by investors and creditors.


Further, if the ratio of a company increases steadily, it could indicate that a default is imminent at some point in the future. If the calculation yields a result greater than 1, this means the company is technically insolvent as it has more liabilities than all of its assets combined. More often, the total-debt-to-total assets ratio will be less than one.

how to find debt to assets ratio

Total-debt-to-total-assets is a measure of the company’s assets that are financed by debt rather than equity. When calculated over a number of years, this leverage ratio shows how a company has grown and acquired its assets as a function of time. The debt to total assets ratio reflects how much of the business is owed versus owned by the stockholders or owner. Assume that a corporation’s balance sheet reports total liabilities of $60,000 and total assets of $100,000. The corporation’s debt ratio is 0.60 or 60% ($60,000 divided by $100,000).

How to Calculate Debt-To-Total-Assets Ratio

The company will likely already be paying principal and interest payments, eating into the company’s profits instead of being re-invested into the company. Even if a company has a ratio close to 100%, this simply means the company has decided to not to issue much (if any) stock. It is simply an indication of the strategy management has incurred to raise money. A total-debt-to-total-asset ratio greater than one means that if the company were to cease operating, not all debtors would receive payment on their holdings. For a business to operate and grow, it has to make revenue as well as capital expenditure.

how to find debt to assets ratio

In simple terms, it shows the extent to which the long-term loans of a company are covered by its total assets. A higher total assets to debt ratio represents more security to the lenders of long-term loans. However, lower total assets to debt ratio represent less security to the lenders of long-term loans, which indicates more dependence of the firm on long-term borrowed funds. Alternatively, a low debt to asset ratio indicates that the company is in strong financial standing because they have fewer liabilities and more total assets.

Why Is Debt-To-Total-Assets Ratio Important?

At the end of the financial year Balance sheet of ABC looks like this. Let’s take an example to understand the calculation of the debt to asset ratio Debt to Asset Ratio formula in a better manner. You need to provide the two inputs, i.e., Total Liabilities and Total Assets.

If there is a significant increase in total liabilities, then this will affect the debt-to-total asset ratio positively. Similarly, a decrease in total liabilities leads to a lower debt-to-total asset ratio. On the other hand, a change in total assets will lead to a change in the debt-to-total asset ratio in the opposite direction, either positive or negative. The debt-to-total-assets ratio is important for companies and creditors because it shows how financially stable a company is. Investors use the ratio to evaluate whether the company has enough funds to meet its current debt obligations and to assess whether the company can pay a return on its investment. Creditors use the ratio to see how much debt the company already has and whether the company can repay its existing debt.

Debt-to-Total-Assets Ratio FAQs

The following figures have been obtained from the balance sheet of the Anand Group of Companies. Unfortunately, the financial standing of Lucky Charms seems to be progressively getting worse. Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers.

What is debt-to-assets ratio?

The debt-to-total-assets ratio shows how much of a business is owned by creditors (people it has borrowed money from) compared with how much of the company's assets are owned by shareholders. It is one of three calculations used to measure debt capacity, along with the debt servicing ratio and the debt-to-equity ratio.

For example, intellectual property usually won’t appear (or will be improperly presented) on the balance sheet since it has no defined value. To increase accuracy, you can evaluate the ratio at different times to follow its change. The results of the ratio directly correlate with the degree of risk the company is taking on.

Understanding the Results of Debt to Asset Ratio

As is often the case, comparisons of the debt ratio among different companies are meaningful only if the companies are similar, e.g. of the same industry, with a similar revenue model, etc. If hypothetically liquidated, a company with more assets than debt could still pay off its financial obligations using the proceeds from the sale. In this case, the company is not as financially stable and will have difficulty repaying creditors if it cannot generate enough income from its assets. The company in this situation is highly leveraged which means that it is more susceptible to bankruptcy if it cannot repay its lenders. This means that 31% of XYZ Company’s assets are being funded by debt. Knowing your debt-to-asset ratio can help you get a handle on your debt load while also keeping your company attractive to potential investors and creditors.

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Mike Dillard

Creator of The Mike Dillard Podcast

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